Source:Computational Methods to Study the Structure and Dynamics of Biomolecules and Biomolecular Processes, Springer Series in Bio-/Neuroinformatics, Adam Liwo, Ed., Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1:55-79, 2014
Simulations of protein dynamics may work on different levels of molecular detail. The levels of simplification (coarse-graining) can range from very low to atomic resolution and may concern different simulation aspects (including protein representation, interaction schemes or models of molecular motion). So-called coarse-grained (CG) models offer many advantages, unreachable by classical simulation tools, as demonstrated in numerous studies of protein dynamics. Followed by a brief introduction, we present example applications of CG models for efficient predictions of biophysical mechanisms. We discuss the following topics: mechanisms of chaperonin action, mechanical properties of proteins, membrane proteins, protein-protein interactions and intrinsically unfolded proteins. Presently, these areas represent emerging application fields of CG simulation models.